North Carolina Early Learning and Development Progressions: Birth to Five

Domain: NC Foundations for Early Learning: Cognitive Development (CD)

Subdomain: Scientific Exploration and Knowledge

Goal: Children observe and describe characteristics of living things and the physical world

Skill Progression: Observe and describe characteristics of living things and the physical world

Age: 21-24 Months

Click here to go to all skills for ages 21-24 Months.

Points to and names many body parts on self and animals

Situations for Observation of Skill

Set up a tub of water outdoors and bring out some toy people and animals.

Elicitation Strategy

Tell the child, “We’re having a washing party!” Tell the child to go find rocks to wash. Then find plants to wash. Then pull out the toys and say, “Should we wash the animals or people first.” When the child responds say, “Go ahead.” Then say, “Oh, his head is dirty. Wash it.” “What else is dirty?” Continue with different body parts on the people and animals.

Behavior Observed

The child will know many body parts on the people and animals.

Routines-based Intervention (Embedded Instruction)

Encourage early childhood educators and parents to observe and help children build their categorical knowledge. They can not only teach the child the name of something (apple), they can label the category (fruit). The child may not immediately remember the category, but over time, as many items are named and put into the category, the category label will make sense.

 North Carolina Department of Public Instruction, 2015

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