Observe the child in natural environments, especially with siblings or peers.
Elicit discussion of emotions in others as they are observed. For example, if a child at the park begins to cry or hit another child, ask the child being observed what is happening. Discuss what the child is feeling and why she is acting the way she is.
The child puts together the causes and consequences of emotions. She can say, for instance, “He’s mad. That kid took his bucket.”
Encourage early childhood educators and parents to talk about the reasons for people feeling and acting in different ways. When negative behavior is observed in others, talk about what else the child could do. This can lead to helping the child learn how to ask for assistance, negotiate, and problem solve.
North Carolina Department of Public Instruction, 2015
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