North Carolina Early Learning and Development Progressions: Birth to Five

Domain: NC Foundations for Early Learning: Health and Physical Development (HPD)

Subdomain: Motor Development

Goal: Children develop the large muscle control and abilities needed to move through and explore their environment.

Skill Progression: Ball skills

Age: 33-36 Months

Click here to go to all skills for ages 33-36 Months.

Rolls a ball in a bowling game

Situations for Observation of Skill

See situation above.

Elicitation Strategy

Play a catch and throw game. Each player stands next to a laundry basket and takes turns throwing his ball to the other player (about six feet way). That player then tries to throw the ball into the other player’s laundry basket, to score a point.

Behavior Observed

The child leans over and rolls a ball with one hand toward a target.

Routines-based Intervention (Embedded Instruction)

Involve the child in plenty of indoor and outdoor motor activities. Ball play, wagons, tricycles, and climbing all provide needed input to various body parts. Children need to learn how to use their limbs together, in alternation, and in supportive positions for the various activities they want to do. Encourage parents to have play dates with slightly older peers or relatives. These provide children a chance to imitate higher-level skills as they play.

 North Carolina Department of Public Instruction, 2015

©2015 by the North Carolina Department of Public Instruction. This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License. To view a copy of this license, visit