North Carolina Early Learning and Development Progressions: Birth to Five

Domain: NC Foundations for Early Learning: Language Development and Communication (LDC)

Subdomain: Learning to Communicate

Goal: Children speak audibly and express thoughts, and feelings, and ideas clearly.

Skill Progression: Articulation/ sound production

Age: 36-42 Months

Click here to go to all skills for ages 36-42 Months.

May produce all 24 consonants (stops: /p, b, t, d, k, g/; fricatives: /f, v, s, z, h/, sh, th (as in “the” and “this”), zh; affricates: /j, ch/ liquids: /l ,r/; glides: /w, j/; nasals: /m, n, ng/

Situations for Observation of Skill

Observe the child during play and daily routines.

Elicitation Strategy

No elicitation needed.

Behavior Observed

Some articulation errors may persist.

Routines-based Intervention (Embedded Instruction)

Reassure parents that some articulation errors are common in children of this age. Early childhood educators and parents can model correct sound production for children with specific sound errors.

 North Carolina Department of Public Instruction, 2015

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