North Carolina Early Learning and Development Progressions: Birth to Five

Domain: NC Foundations for Early Learning: Language Development and Communication (LDC)

Subdomain: Foundations for Reading

Goal: Children begin to develop knowledge of the alphabet and the alphabetic principle.

Skill Progression: Develop knowledge of the alphabet and the alphabetic principle

Age: 42-48 Months

Click here to go to all skills for ages 42-48 Months.

Matches uppercase letters

Situations for Observation of Skill

The adult reads the book. Eating the Alphabet by Lois Ehlert or a similar alphabet book.

Elicitation Strategy

The adult then tells the child to look at her card as she reads the book, so she can find the letters in her name. “Listen closely and watch each page carefully. Tell me when you see a letter in your name.”

Behavior Observed

The child finds letters on the pages that match the letters in own name.

Routines-based Intervention (Embedded Instruction)

Early childhood educators and parents can use many opportunities during the day to point out letters and sounds in environmental print and in books. Give children materials to practice writing, and when books are read talk about the words and the letters and sound-letter associations. Children can also find certain letters they know or find matching letters on the page. Help them identify the sounds the letters make in the words on the page. Also, it is important to let children dictate what they want to write to an adult or older sibling so they can see their words in print and read them back. This helps them learn the writing and reading process.

 North Carolina Department of Public Instruction, 2015

©2015 by the North Carolina Department of Public Instruction. This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License. To view a copy of this license, visit