North Carolina Early Learning and Development Progressions: Birth to Five

Domain: NC Foundations for Early Learning: Cognitive Development (CD)

Subdomain: Construction of Knowledge: Thinking and Reasoning

Goal: Children recall information and use it for new situations and problems

Skill Progression: Recalls and uses information for problem solving

Age: 48-54 Months

Click here to go to all skills for ages 48-54 Months.

Determines what is missing from pictures, puzzles, and toys

Situations for Observation of Skill

Have a puzzle with a familiar picture on it and/or a toy with a missing part (skirt on doll, wheel on car).

Elicitation Strategy

Present a puzzle with a recognizable missing piece and/or a broken or incomplete toy. Ask what is missing.

Behavior Observed

The child identifies the missing part of the picture on the puzzle or the missing part of the toy.

Routines-based Intervention (Embedded Instruction)

Identifying what is missing is an indication that the child understands how parts combine to make a whole. Naming parts also builds the child’s vocabulary. Both teachers and caregivers can use everyday opportunities to help children practice these skills. For example, when putting away toys, a spare piece is often found. Ask, “What is this and what does this go with?”

 North Carolina Department of Public Instruction, 2015

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