North Carolina Early Learning and Development Progressions: Birth to Five

Domain: NC Foundations for Early Learning: Cognitive Development (CD)

Subdomain: Construction of Knowledge: Thinking and Reasoning

Goal: Children demonstrate the ability to think about their own thinking: reasoning, taking perspectives, and making decisions

Skill Progression: Taking perspectives

Age: 54-60 Months

Click here to go to all skills for ages 54-60 Months.

Compares and negotiates his ideas with others in play

Situations for Observation of Skill

Observe the child when a minimal number of materials are available. For example, ask two children to draw one picture together with one set of colors or markers.

Elicitation Strategy

Tell children there are not enough supplies for everyone, so sharing is necessary. Tell the children to decide together what to draw and work on coming up with their picture together.

Behavior Observed

Children will first decide what to draw, and then who will draw which pieces. This will be negotiated as the drawing develops. Watch for joint planning, sharing, negotiating, and compromising.

Routines-based Intervention (Embedded Instruction)

Unlike at earlier ages where having duplicates prevented conflict, children now need to learn how to negotiate. Even though it may cause stress, early childhood educators and parents should encourage and make opportunities for joint projects at school and home. Make sure children set goals together and make a plan. Remind them about negotiation and compromise and offer choices when necessary.

 North Carolina Department of Public Instruction, 2015

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