North Carolina Early Learning and Development Progressions: Birth to Five

Domain: NC Foundations for Early Learning: Emotional and Social Development (ESD)

Subdomain: Developing a Sense of Self with Others

Goal: Children form relationships and interact positively with familiar adults who are consistent and responsive to their needs.

Skill Progression: Attachment

Age: 4-6 Months

Click here to go to all skills for ages 4-6 Months.

Calmed by familiar adult

Situations for Observation of Skill

Observe the infant when fussing and/or crying.

Elicitation Strategy

No elicitation needed.

Behavior Observed

The infant calms when the adult uses typical calming strategies, such as rocking, walking, singing, etc.

Routines-based Intervention (Embedded Instruction)

Help parents notice the baby’s different responses to various people. This may provide assurance that their baby does know and love them. Ask about what they have found to calm the infant. Reinforce their knowledge about what “works” for their infant.

 North Carolina Department of Public Instruction, 2015

©2015 by the North Carolina Department of Public Instruction. This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License. To view a copy of this license, visit