North Carolina Early Learning and Development Progressions: Birth to Five

Domain: NC Foundations for Early Learning: Cognitive Development (CD)

Subdomain: Mathematical Thinking and Expression

Goal: Children identify and use common shapes and concepts about position during play and other activities.

Skill Progression: Spatial understanding

Age: 4-6 Months

Click here to go to all skills for ages 4-6 Months.

Recognizes objects even when seen from different perspectives

Situations for Observation of Skill

As the child’s understanding of objects increases, she will begin to recognize familiar objects, such as a bottle or favorite toy. Have several familiar objects and a blanket available.

Elicitation Strategy

Have the adult sit on the floor with the infant on her lap or between the legs. Have the adult hand a bottle of water or milk to the child with the bottom toward the child instead of the top.

Behavior Observed

The infant will recognize the item the adult hands her as a bottle and put it to her mouth, even though the object looks different from the bottom.

Routines-based Intervention (Embedded Instruction)

Often early childhood educators and parents do not recognize the skills the child is learning. Point out the child’s growing awareness of where objects are in space, how they look from different perspectives, and that even when a portion of an object is seen, the infant can recognize that the whole object is still there.

 North Carolina Department of Public Instruction, 2015

©2015 by the North Carolina Department of Public Instruction. This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License. To view a copy of this license, visit