Observe the child during daily routines. Does the child show bodily excitement when she hears a familiar adult’s voice when the adult is not in sight? Does the child have preferred objects she reaches for?
Ask the adult to talk to the child when outside of the infant’s vision. Place a favored object on one side of the infant and another familiar, but non-preferred, object on the other side. Have both within reach.
The infant will wave arms and/or legs when they hear the voice of a familiar person, such as a parent or sibling. The infant will reach for the preferred object.
Early childhood educators and parents soon come to understand children’s preferences. Reinforce observations of what the child likes and dislikes. This means early childhood educators and parents understand the child’s interests. Encourage use of familiar preferred objects for comforting and calming, but introduction of unfamiliar or non-preferred for continued expansion of exploration.
North Carolina Department of Public Instruction, 2015
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