North Carolina Early Learning and Development Progressions: Birth to Five

Domain: NC Foundations for Early Learning: Emotional and Social Development (ESD)

Subdomain: Learning About Feelings

Goal: Children identify, manage, and express their feelings.

Skill Progression: Self-control

Age: 8-10 Months

Click here to go to all skills for ages 8-10 Months.

Looks to adult when admonished, but continues actions, may crawl to adult for comforting

Situations for Observation of Skill

Observe children’s reactions when told “no.”

Elicitation Strategy

No elicitation may be needed, as infants will try to explore everything. When the child moves toward an inappropriate object and tries to get it ask the adult to say “no” firmly with a brief explanation of why it is a no-no. If no opportunity arises naturally, place an attractive, but inappropriate object where the child can see it and react when the child tries to get it.

Behavior Observed

Children at this age are beginning to understand that “no” means something is wrong. The child will stop, look at the adult then usually go for the object again. The “stop and look” is beginning recognition of do’s and don’ts. Some infants may begin to cry, and seek the adult for comfort when she recognizes she has done something to earn disapproval.

Routines-based Intervention (Embedded Instruction)

Children all need boundaries, so learning the meaning of facial expressions and limit-setting words is important. Encourage early childhood educators and parents to pair words (short and simple) with firm intonation (not yelling). Make a frowning face, say ‘no’ firmly, and explain why simply (“That’s sharp.”) The child at this level will not understand the meaning, but this pattern is important for later cause-and-effect understanding.

 North Carolina Department of Public Instruction, 2015

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