North Carolina Early Learning and Development Progressions: Birth to Five

Domain: NC Foundations for Early Learning: Health and Physical Development (HPD)

Subdomain: Motor Development

Goal: Children develop the large muscle control and abilities needed to move through and explore their environment.

Skill Progression: Sitting

Age: 10-12 Months

Click here to go to all skills for ages 10-12 Months.

Reaches for distant objects forward, up, and behind with balance and rotation when sitting on the floor

Situations for Observation of Skill

Observe the child while sitting and trying to access desired objects from varying orientations.

Elicitation Strategy

Once the infant is in sitting, the adult can play a “find the toy” game with the infant. Take a favorite toy and hold it up for the child to “find.” Say, “Where is it?” When the child retrieves it, clap and say, “Find it again.” Move the toy behind the child. Repeat moving the toy to different locations in relation to the child.

Behavior Observed

The infant uses body rotation to both sides, as well as scooting in sit, and leaning to the sides without falling over.

Routines-based Intervention (Embedded Instruction)

Help parents understand how movement games build the child’s motor skills, confidence, and willingness to explore. Encourage the child to move on his own around the house, rather than being carried. He wants to keep the adult in sight, so he will follow her. This will pay off later, as the child gets heavier! The child learns that he can be independent.

 North Carolina Department of Public Instruction, 2015

©2015 by the North Carolina Department of Public Instruction. This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License. To view a copy of this license, visit