North Carolina Early Learning and Development Progressions: Birth to Five

Domain: NC Foundations for Early Learning: Cognitive Development (CD)

Subdomain: Creative Expression

Goal: Children demonstrate self-expression and creativity in a variety of forms and contexts, including play, visual arts, music, drama, and dance.

Skill Progression: Art

Age: 12-15 Months

Click here to go to all skills for ages 12-15 Months.

Makes random scribbles with crayon or marker using fisted grasp

Situations for Observation of Skill

Give the child paper and a crayon.

Elicitation Strategy

If the child does not spontaneously scribble on the paper, the adult can demonstrate.

Behavior Observed

The child will put the crayon in her fist, point the tip to the paper and scribble back and forth.

Routines-based Intervention (Embedded Instruction)

Parents often do not allow their child access to writing tools because the child may mouth them or mark on walls or furniture. Using a marker introduces tool use, drawing, and cause-and effect. Supervised use of a marker motivates the child to want to draw.

 North Carolina Department of Public Instruction, 2015

©2015 by the North Carolina Department of Public Instruction. This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License. To view a copy of this license, visit