Observe the child during daily routines or interview the adult.
If there is no opportunity to observe the infant when defecation is taking place, ask the parent if the child shows behaviors that indicate when she is eliminating.
The child is willing to sit in the potty chair as long as the adult is present, but does not yet associate it with toileting.
Encourage parents to use a potty chair, so the child’s feet reach the floor. This is more stabilizing for the child than sitting with feet dangling on a toilet training potty seat on a standard toilet. The use of the potty chair with no expectations allows the child to view the potty-chair as a comfortable, non-threatening place.
North Carolina Department of Public Instruction, 2015
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