Observe the infant during daily routines and play.
No elicitation needed.
The child uses single words with intonation to request an action (e.g., “Bath?” means “Can I take a bath?”)
As the child begins to use more words, the adult may not pay as much attention to subtle sounds, movements, and gestures. Help adults recognize gestures and intonation as questions. This is the “holophrastic” phrase level in which one word means a whole sentence. The adult can expand the child’s word to model a phrase. For example, the child says, “Juice?” The adult can say, “Want juice?” This models a longer phrase with the same questioning intonation.
North Carolina Department of Public Instruction, 2015
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