North Carolina Early Learning and Development Progressions: Birth to Five

Domain: NC Foundations for Early Learning: Cognitive Development (CD)

Subdomain: Construction of Knowledge: Thinking and Reasoning

Goal: Children demonstrate the ability to think about their own thinking: reasoning, taking perspectives, and making decisions

Skill Progression: Making decisions

Age: 18-21 Months

Click here to go to all skills for ages 18-21 Months.

Decides what to do by what will be approved or disapproved of by adults

Situations for Observation of Skill

Observe the child during daily routines. Adult approval is important, but so is growing independence.

Elicitation Strategy

No elicitation needed.

Behavior Observed

The child performs acts she thinks the adult will like and then comes to show the adult what she did. The child may deny she did something that the adult will disapprove of (eat another cookie). The child will tell brothers and sisters what not to do.

Routines-based Intervention (Embedded Instruction)

Children of this age are approval seeking, so they want to make adults happy with their actions. Explain the conflict the child is experiencing between wanting and needing adult approval and wanting to be independent. This often causes the child to do something she wants to do, but knows the adult will not like. They want adult approval so they deny the wrongdoing. They are not lying, as such; rather the child does not want to lose adult approval. Let the child know she will not be punished for telling the truth.

 North Carolina Department of Public Instruction, 2015

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