North Carolina Early Learning and Development Progressions: Birth to Five

Domain: NC Foundations for Early Learning: Emotional and Social Development (ESD)

Subdomain: Developing a Sense of Self

Goal: Children demonstrate a positive sense of self-identify and self-awareness.

Skill Progression: Awareness of self through emotional expressions and verbalizations

Age: 27-30 Months

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Demonstrates categorical knowledge of self (age, sex, physical characteristics, good or bad behavior, skills)

Situations for Observation of Skill

Talk to the child while reading a picture book about a young child.

Elicitation Strategy

Talk about the characteristics of the child in the book. Ask questions or discuss how the child is the same or different from the character.

Behavior Observed

Listen for the child’s understanding of his age, physical characteristics, etc. Understanding of concrete characteristics precedes understanding of abstract characteristics.

Routines-based Intervention (Embedded Instruction)

Help early childhood educators and parents understand that knowing one’s characteristics is important for children to understand who they are and how they are alike or different from others. Encourage parents to talk about the traits of different family members during daily activities or when reading stories.

 North Carolina Department of Public Instruction, 2015

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