North Carolina Early Learning and Development Progressions: Birth to Five

Domain: NC Foundations for Early Learning: Emotional and Social Development (ESD)

Subdomain: Developing a Sense of Self

Goal: Children demonstrate a positive sense of self-identify and self-awareness.

Skill Progression: Awareness of self through emotional expressions and verbalizations

Age: 42-48 Months

You may choose a different domain, go back, or click on a skill below for more information.

Talks about rules for “do’s” and “don’ts” for self and others

Situations for Observation of Skill

Observe the child during daily routines to see if the child discusses what he can or can’t do.

Elicitation Strategy

Pretend you are the child and the child is the “babysitter”. Tell the child to take care of you and make sure you follow the rules. See what the child does if you “break” the rules or do something the child might perceive as wrong (e.g., tear a paper or disobey a request).

Behavior Observed

Observe how the child “manages” the babysitting by setting rules or correcting behavior. This will reveal the child’s understanding of boundaries and rules for herself.

Routines-based Intervention (Embedded Instruction)

Help early childhood educators and parents understand that rules are important, but should be few so the child can remember them. The child needs boundaries, but she also needs to understand WHY the rules exist.

 North Carolina Department of Public Instruction, 2015

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