North Carolina Early Learning and Development Progressions: Birth to Five

Domain: NC Foundations for Early Learning: Emotional and Social Development (ESD)

Subdomain: Developing a Sense of Self

Goal: Children express positive feelings about themselves and confidence in what they can do.

Skill Progression: Expresses and seeks out positive emotions about what they can do

Age: 4-6 Months

You may choose a different domain, go back, or click on a skill below for more information.

Smiles at own actions and results

Situations for Observation of Skill

Place objects that can be activated by swiping or kicking within reach.

Elicitation Strategy

Place a low-hanging mobile above the child’s hands or feet. Alternatively, attach bells to a ribbon and tie the ribbon to a wrist of ankle.

Behavior Observed

The infant may smile in response to the movement or noise he creates.

Routines-based Intervention (Embedded Instruction)

Learning at this age involves discovering that actions can have a result—crying brings an adult, swiping something causes movement or noise, etc. Help early childhood educators and parents understand that responding to the child’s vocalizations or crying helps the child learn to communicate. Setting up situations for the baby to cause something to happen motivates them to move.

 North Carolina Department of Public Instruction, 2015

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