North Carolina Early Learning and Development Progressions: Birth to Five

Domain: NC Foundations for Early Learning: Emotional and Social Development (ESD)

Subdomain: Developing a Sense of Self

Goal: Children express positive feelings about themselves and confidence in what they can do.

Skill Progression: Expresses and seeks out positive emotions about what they can do

Age: 8-10 Months

You may choose a different domain, go back, or click on a skill below for more information.

Shows anticipation and excitement when causes expected result to occur

Situations for Observation of Skill

Watch the child with a favorite cause-and-effect toy, a pet, or household item, such as toilet paper or tissue.

Elicitation Strategy

Present a familiar toy, but one the infant has not seen recently. This way the baby will feel some anticipation about what will happen. Alternatively, have a toy or item you can demonstrate, so the child can create the effect. A switch toy or even a box of pop-up tissues may be fun.

Behavior Observed

Observe the child’s face and actions. First, the child moves to the object. She may look at the adult, as if to say “Watch this.” The child then goes immediately to the part of the toy that activates it or the part of the item that creates an effect. She looks at the adult again as if to say, “Wasn’t that cool?”

Routines-based Intervention (Embedded Instruction)

Encourage early childhood educators and parents to talk to the child about toys and items in the environment. Label the item. Ask, “What’s going to happen?” Comment on what occurred. “You made him bark!” This provides a model for language, encourages the child to explore, and reinforces her efforts.

 North Carolina Department of Public Instruction, 2015

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