North Carolina Early Learning and Development Progressions: Birth to Five

Domain: NC Foundations for Early Learning: Emotional and Social Development (ESD)

Subdomain: Developing a Sense of Self

Goal: Children express positive feelings about themselves and confidence in what they can do.

Skill Progression: Expresses and seeks out positive emotions about what they can do

Age: 48-54 Months

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Tells others how to do things, gives instructions

Situations for Observation of Skill

Ask the child to teach an adult, a sibling, or peer how to do any activity the child does well.

Elicitation Strategy

Based on the child’s skills and preferences, ask the child to tell you how to do something (e.g., build a fort, construct a puzzle, make a play dough scene, etc.)

Behavior Observed

The child gives step-by-step instructions to another person, even if not accurate.

Routines-based Intervention (Embedded Instruction)

Teaching another person a skill requires thinking about how to sequence actions and how to communicate clearly what is meant. Adults can ask children to explain what and how to do various activities. “Can you teach me that card game?” “How does that song go? I want to learn it.”

 North Carolina Department of Public Instruction, 2015

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