North Carolina Early Learning and Development Progressions: Birth to Five

Domain: NC Foundations for Early Learning: Emotional and Social Development (ESD)

Subdomain: Developing a Sense of Self

Goal: Children express positive feelings about themselves and confidence in what they can do.

Skill Progression: Expresses confidence in abilities and persistence toward goals

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List of Skills by Age

1-2 Months

Stares at faces and surroundings for long periods of time

2-4 Months

Repeats own pleasurable actions (kicking, waving arm)

4-6 Months

Repeats newly learned activities

6-8 Months

Persists to get a desired toy and explores for several minutes to learn characteristics

8-10 Months

Becomes task-directed with objects and pokes, pushes and pulls to get a result

10-12 Months

Persists to find the means to get the desired result and experiments with different options

12-15 Months

Persists in accomplishing complex tasks with support from adult

15-18 Months

Pushes for autonomy and persists with tasks of moderate difficulty

18-21 Months

Sets a standard to evaluate success of actions for self (what is good enough)

21-24 Months

Looks at books, plays, or performs preferred actions independently for several minutes

24-27 Months

Talks about what he “knows” and “thinks” about the world

27-30 Months

Desires to do things by himself such as tearing, unwrapping and putting things together

30-33 Months

Talks about how to solve a problem while doing it (verbal mediation)

33-36 Months

Prefers challenging tasks

36-42 Months

Persists to combine things in unique ways to create imaginative representations

42-48 Months

Self-initiates, plans, and organizes problem solving without assistance

48-54 Months

Persists to create productions from clay, sand, paper, blocks, etc.

54-60 Months

Creates own complex socio-dramatic play themes, scenarios, and props with great attention to detail

 North Carolina Department of Public Instruction, 2015

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