North Carolina Early Learning and Development Progressions: Birth to Five

Domain: NC Foundations for Early Learning: Emotional and Social Development (ESD)

Subdomain: Developing a Sense of Self with Others

Goal: Children demonstrate the social and behavioral skills needed to successfully participate in groups.

Skill Progression: Social awareness and conscience

Age: 4-6 Months

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Aware of effects of own actions versus others' actions

Situations for Observation of Skill

Observe the infant when sitting in an infant seat or lying down with toys within reach.

Elicitation Strategy

No elicitation needed.

Behavior Observed

The infant intentionally shakes, swipes at or kicks a mobile or toy within reach. This demonstrates his understanding that he can cause something to happen. He also realizes that vocalizing can get adults to look at and talk to him.

Routines-based Intervention (Embedded Instruction)

Instill in early childhood educators and parents how important it is to respond immediately to the child’s behaviors, such as vocalization. This helps the child learn that he can have an impact on persons in his world. Also explain why is it important to have materials the child can shake, kick, bat etc., so he learns the impact he can have on the environment.

 North Carolina Department of Public Instruction, 2015

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