North Carolina Early Learning and Development Progressions: Birth to Five

Domain: NC Foundations for Early Learning: Emotional and Social Development (ESD)

Subdomain: Developing a Sense of Self with Others

Goal: Children demonstrate the social and behavioral skills needed to successfully participate in groups.

Skill Progression: Social awareness and conscience

Age: 36-42 Months

You may choose a different domain, go back, or click on a skill below for more information.

Participates in small group activities

Situations for Observation of Skill

Observe the child in a circle or small group activity in childcare or at a park with other children.

Elicitation Strategy

Elicitation is not needed in a childcare setting as many opportunities will be seen. If in a park or play area, the adult can start a group activity and then step back and watch. For instance, introduce several trucks and shovels and see how high a pile of sand all the children can make.

Behavior Observed

The child watches others, imitates them, starts to talk about what they are doing, and may give directions to the other children.

Routines-based Intervention (Embedded Instruction)

Encourage parents to give the child plenty of time with other children. This time enables them to learn about how to get along with others. Adult supervision and support is still needed at times.

 North Carolina Department of Public Instruction, 2015

©2015 by the North Carolina Department of Public Instruction. This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License. To view a copy of this license, visit