North Carolina Early Learning and Development Progressions: Birth to Five

Domain: NC Foundations for Early Learning: Health and Physical Development (HPD)

Subdomain: Motor Development

Goal: Children develop the large muscle control and abilities needed to move through and explore their environment.

Skill Progression: Motor activities

Age: 54-60 Months

You may choose a different domain, go back, or click on a skill below for more information.

Skates or rides a scooter

Situations for Observation of Skill

Obstacle Course. Set up a course for 2-3 children to go through at a time while the others play on the playground. Have all children rotate through the course. Have tricycles, tee balls, bats, a child’s golf club, a target, a pile of foam blocks, etc.

Elicitation Strategy

Have 2 to 3 children at a time in the obstacle course. Children go through individually so the adult can record their skills. Small numbers ensure that children do not need to wait long for their turn on the obstacle course. Possible course: 1)The child uses the scooter to get to the balance beam; 2)He walks the balance beam; 3)Steps off and jumps to the horizontal line 3 feet away where there is a ball waiting. 4)The child throws the ball to the adult (who is about 10 feet away). 5)The child then skips along the chalk line to the jump rope and tries to jump once. 6)The child lays the rope down and skips to the high stack of blocks (10 inches high) and jumps over with both feet. 7)The adult throws the ball to the child to catch. 8)The child must do a 180° jump turn and shoot the ball at a basket.

Behavior Observed

The child skates or rides a scooter.

Routines-based Intervention (Embedded Instruction)

Early childhood educators and parents can now challenge children to move in more complex ways. Involve children in learning dance steps. Children can play sports with simple rules and begin doing gymnastics. Encourage parents to involve children in any community programs that are available, so they have an opportunity to practice, refine, and expand their gross motor skills

 North Carolina Department of Public Instruction, 2015

©2015 by the North Carolina Department of Public Instruction. This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License. To view a copy of this license, visit