North Carolina Early Learning and Development Progressions: Birth to Five

Domain: NC Foundations for Early Learning: Health and Physical Development (HPD)

Subdomain: Self-Care

Goal: Children develop independence in caring for themselves and their environment.

Skill Progression: Toileting

Age: 15-18 Months

You may choose a different domain, go back, or click on a skill below for more information.

Indicates discomfort when soiled

Situations for Observation of Skill

Observe the child during daily routines and on the potty chair. Interview the adult if needed.

Elicitation Strategy

The child likes to remove clothing and sit on the potty chair, but does not eliminate, except by chance.

Behavior Observed

The child sits unattended on the potty chair and looks at a book.

Routines-based Intervention (Embedded Instruction)

Most parents have their child in the bathroom with them, at least occasionally. Reassure parents that this practice is helpful for toileting. Observation of others in the bathroom shows the child a model for what he should do, including all of the actions related to toileting. Have the potty chair in an easily accessible location, so the child can use it whenever he wants. Some authorities recommend putting dirty diapers into the potty chair and showing the child, so the child starts to understand what is supposed to go in there. A doll that wets can be a good model and motivator.

 North Carolina Department of Public Instruction, 2015

©2015 by the North Carolina Department of Public Instruction. This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License. To view a copy of this license, visit