North Carolina Early Learning and Development Progressions: Birth to Five

Domain: NC Foundations for Early Learning: Language Development and Communication (LDC)

Subdomain: Learning to Communicate

Goal: Children understand communications from others.

Skill Progression: Understand communication from others

Age: 42-48 Months

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Understands basic time concepts (e.g., before/after; morning/ afternoon)

Situations for Observation of Skill

Observe the child in interaction with an adult while reading a book about opposites.

Elicitation Strategy

Read a book about opposites, such as Olivia’s Opposites, and leave out the opposite word in the comparison phrase for the child to fill in. “Here Olivia is coming. And here she is….” As you are reading the book with the child interject questions. For example, “How do you think Olivia feels about that lion?” “When do you think she will wear lipstick?” “Will she wear this before or after lunch?” State, “Show me where Olivia was scared by the lion.”

Behavior Observed

The child understands a variety of opposites, concepts related to times of the day, and sequence of activities, and when things occur.

Routines-based Intervention (Embedded Instruction)

Early childhood educators and parents do not often use opposites in conversation with children. However, adults can help children learn these terms by giving children opposites as choices. “Do you want the thin noodles or the fat noodles?” (holding up a package of each for the child to see). “Do you want cold or hot chocolate?” Encourage early childhood educators and parents to have children play the role of teacher by having the children show or tell them how to do something. “Wow. That is a cool painting. How did you get that color?” This encourages the children to break down what was done and explain the cause-and-effect.

 North Carolina Department of Public Instruction, 2015

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