North Carolina Early Learning and Development Progressions: Birth to Five

Domain: NC Foundations for Early Learning: Language Development and Communication (LDC)

Subdomain: Learning to Communicate

Goal: Children understand communications from others.

Skill Progression: Understand communication from others

Age: 48-54 Months

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Understands time concepts related to days, months, holidays, etc.

Situations for Observation of Skill

The adult has a discussion about “What is your favorite day of the week?” “What holiday do you like to share with your family?” Talk about family members.

Elicitation Strategy

First, have the child name the days of the week and ask, “What is your favorite day of the week?” “Why?” Repeat with the months. See what months the child identifies, then see which months she likes and why. Add in months she forgets to mention. Repeat with holidays. Add in holidays she forgets to mention. Ask about how many people come to her holiday celebrations.

Behavior Observed

The child identifies specific activities with days, months, and holidays.

Routines-based Intervention (Embedded Instruction)

Encourage early childhood educators and parents to talk about events in the child’s life in relation to days and months. For example, “We have dance class on Thursday afternoons.” Holidays are commonly discussed at the time of the holiday, but should be related to months and seasons. “Christmas is in the winter in December.” Relating events to specific time frames helps the child remember the time concept.

 North Carolina Department of Public Instruction, 2015

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