North Carolina Early Learning and Development Progressions: Birth to Five

Domain: NC Foundations for Early Learning: Language Development and Communication (LDC)

Subdomain: Learning to Communicate

Goal: Children understand communications from others.

Skill Progression: Understand communication from others

Age: 10-12 Months

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Responds to “no”

Situations for Observation of Skill

Ask the adult about what words the child understands. Ask approximately how many words he thinks the child understands. Observe the child and adult in play or daily routines.

Elicitation Strategy

If the infant does not spontaneously do something that elicits a “no,” the adult can place a drink or other out-of-bounds item near the child to tempt him.

Behavior Observed

The infant hesitates and looks at the adult when told “no,” but may go for the object anyway.

Routines-based Intervention (Embedded Instruction)

Communicate to early childhood educators and parents the importance of singling out words and emphasizing the label for the object. Make sure the child is looking at the object as it is labeled. Holding the object near the adult’s mouth as the word is said may help the child connect the object name with the object (e.g., hold a ball near your mouth and say, “Ball,” then give it to the infant).

 North Carolina Department of Public Instruction, 2015

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