North Carolina Early Learning and Development Progressions: Birth to Five

Domain: NC Foundations for Early Learning: Language Development and Communication (LDC)

Subdomain: Learning to Communicate

Goal: Children participate in conversations with peers and adults in one-on-one, small, and larger group interactions.

Skill Progression: Participate in conversations with peers and adults

Age: 36-42 Months

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Follows meaning in conversation among numerous people

Situations for Observation of Skill

Observe the child in classroom activities, including a group discussion during circle or small group time, in the dramatic play area, during art activities, or when the child needs to share materials.

Elicitation Strategy

No elicitation needed.

Behavior Observed

During a group discussion the child shifts her gaze to the child talking, unless the child herself has something to say. In that case, the child talks over everyone to express her idea.

Routines-based Intervention (Embedded Instruction)

Early childhood educators should encourage discussion about a topic, rather than be directive in center time. Asking yes/no questions (e.g., Is this Monday?” or fill in the blank questions, “Today is ….?”) does not encourage discussion. Instead have a topic that provides opportunities for discussion. For example, “My favorite animal is….?” The adult can encourage discussion of experiences with animals, why children like animals, etc. Early childhood educators and parents need to provide opportunities for children to play, work, and solve problems together, without adult direction. This encourages communication and development of social skills.

 North Carolina Department of Public Instruction, 2015

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