North Carolina Early Learning and Development Progressions: Birth to Five

Domain: NC Foundations for Early Learning: Language Development and Communication (LDC)

Subdomain: Learning to Communicate

Goal: Children participate in conversations with peers and adults in one-on-one, small, and larger group interactions.

Skill Progression: Participate in conversations with peers and adults

Age: 36-42 Months

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Understands meaning, even if indirectly stated (e.g., “I need my shoe” implies “Give me my shoe”)

Situations for Observation of Skill

Observe the child in classroom activities, including a group discussion during circle or small group time, in the dramatic play area, during art activities, or when the child needs to share materials.

Elicitation Strategy

No elicitation needed.

Behavior Observed

During activities where children share materials, the child responds appropriately to indirect requests such as, “I need blue” (meaning, “Who has a blue crayon?”)

Routines-based Intervention (Embedded Instruction)

Early childhood educators should encourage discussion about a topic, rather than be directive in center time. Asking yes/no questions (e.g., Is this Monday?” or fill in the blank questions, “Today is ….?”) does not encourage discussion. Instead have a topic that provides opportunities for discussion. For example, “My favorite animal is….?” The adult can encourage discussion of experiences with animals, why children like animals, etc. Early childhood educators and parents need to provide opportunities for children to play, work, and solve problems together, without adult direction. This encourages communication and development of social skills.

 North Carolina Department of Public Instruction, 2015

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