North Carolina Early Learning and Development Progressions: Birth to Five

Domain: NC Foundations for Early Learning: Language Development and Communication (LDC)

Subdomain: Learning to Communicate

Goal: Children speak audibly and express thoughts, and feelings, and ideas clearly.

Skill Progression: Articulation/ sound production

Age: 1-2 Months

You may choose a different domain, go back, or click on a skill below for more information.

Cries to express hunger, discomfort, pain, or distress

Situations for Observation of Skill

Observe the infant during daily routines.

Elicitation Strategy

No elicitation needed.

Behavior Observed

The infant cries and vocalizes, but without intent to communicate.

Routines-based Intervention (Embedded Instruction)

Explain to parents that infants begin to understand that sounds communicate meaning when adults respond to the sounds as if the infant communicates something specific. For example, when the infant cries and the parent responds by feeding the infant, the infant learns that the sounds they make have a result.

 North Carolina Department of Public Instruction, 2015

©2015 by the North Carolina Department of Public Instruction. This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License. To view a copy of this license, visit