North Carolina Early Learning and Development Progressions: Birth to Five

Domain: NC Foundations for Early Learning: Language Development and Communication (LDC)

Subdomain: Learning to Communicate

Goal: Children speak audibly and express thoughts, and feelings, and ideas clearly.

Skill Progression: Articulation/ sound production

Age: 21-24 Months

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85% of children correctly produce the following: Initial sounds: /b, d, h, m, n, p/ Medial sounds: /b, m, n/ Final sounds: /m, p/

Situations for Observation of Skill

Observe the child during play and daily routines.

Elicitation Strategy

No elicitation needed.

Behavior Observed

Fewer initial and final sounds in words are omitted.

Routines-based Intervention (Embedded Instruction)

The child is better able to imitate difficult sound combinations at this stage. Early childhood educators and parents can repeat words the child says incorrectly with emphasis on the sounds omitted, and the child will try to restate the word correctly. Merely restate the word in a sentence without “correcting” the child.

 North Carolina Department of Public Instruction, 2015

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