North Carolina Early Learning and Development Progressions: Birth to Five

Domain: NC Foundations for Early Learning: Language Development and Communication (LDC)

Subdomain: Foundations for Reading

Goal: Children develop interest in books and motivation to read.

Skill Progression: Develop interest in books and motivation to read

Age: 18-21 Months

You may choose a different domain, go back, or click on a skill below for more information.

Manipulates a variety of interactive books

Situations for Observation of Skill

Have several simple, unfamiliar books, flap books, or books with texture or sound buttons available. Observe the child looking at the books independently and with an adult.

Elicitation Strategy

When sharing a book with the child, the adult can demonstrate what can be done on each page. Give the child wait time to see if the child imitates the actions.

Behavior Observed

The child imitates the adult’s actions with flaps, buttons, or pull- tabs in the book.

Routines-based Intervention (Embedded Instruction)

The child is now actively exploring books and understanding the actions indicated in the pictures. The child is ready to be introduced to different types of books. Books with flaps, tabs, texture and buttons encourage the child to explore new options and add actions and sound effects to books. The child learns new spatial and sequencing concepts. For example, “Where’s the puppy?” (Child lifts the flap.) “That’s right! Under the blanket!”

 North Carolina Department of Public Instruction, 2015

©2015 by the North Carolina Department of Public Instruction. This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License. To view a copy of this license, visit