North Carolina Early Learning and Development Progressions: Birth to Five

Domain: NC Foundations for Early Learning: Language Development and Communication (LDC)

Subdomain: Foundations for Reading

Goal: Children comprehend and use information presented in books and other print media.

Skill Progression: Comprehend and use information presented in books and other print media

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List of Skills by Age

1-2 Months

Stares at black and white patterns

2-4 Months

Examines more complicated patterns and colors

4-6 Months

Examines pictures of people

Pats pictures

6-8 Months

Listens to the adult while looking at pictures in a book

8-10 Months

Vocalizes while looking at pictures in a book, catalog, newspaper, greeting card, etc.

Exhibits turn-taking -listens then vocalizes during the adult’s pause

10-12 Months

Points to individual pictures when named by adult

Pats pictures and vocalizes

Laughs at familiar pictures or adult’s sound effects

12-15 Months

Makes animal sounds when looking at animal pictures

Relates an object in a picture to something or someone in the real world

Names familiar objects in a book

15-18 Months

Shows familiarity with text by saying words associated with a picture

Chooses books for adult to read by recognizing the picture on cover

18-21 Months

Shows empathy for characters or situations depicted in books

Makes associations across books

21-24 Months

Relates pictures in stories to own experiences

Performs an action shown or mentioned in a book

Recites parts of well-known stories, rhymes, and songs

Identifies objects in pictures

24-27 Months

“Reads” to dolls, stuffed animals or self

Discusses characters and events in books in ways that show understanding of the story

Fills in words in the text when the reader pauses, says the next word before the reader does, or reads along with the reader when a predictable, familiar book is read

27-30 Months

Recites text from a familiar, predictable book

Answers simple questions about the pictures in the book

Recognizes and identifies almost all common objects and pictures

30-33 Months

Asks questions about the story and characters in the book being read

Knows there are picture books, story books, and books about real things

33-36 Months

Recognizes some environmental text

Starts to memorize words, lines, or whole segments of a favorite book

36-42 Months

Recalls 1-2 elements from an unfamiliar story that was just read

Connects details, information, and events in a story to real-life experiences

Asks questions and makes comments to demonstrate understanding of literal meaning of story

42-48 Months

Recalls 3-4 elements of a story

Predicts what will happen next in an unknown story

48-54 Months

Responds to a variety of questions about a story that was previously read

54-60 Months

Tells a suitable ending to a simple story

 North Carolina Department of Public Instruction, 2015

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