North Carolina Early Learning and Development Progressions: Birth to Five

Domain: NC Foundations for Early Learning: Language Development and Communication (LDC)

Subdomain: Foundations for Reading

Goal: Children develop book knowledge and print awareness.

Skill Progression: Develop book knowledge and print awareness

Age: 36-42 Months

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Understands what print is

Situations for Observation of Skill

Observe the child in the home or outdoors where print is visible on objects, materials, walls or signs.

Elicitation Strategy

Ask the child what various print in the home and environment “says.”

Behavior Observed

The child uses the pictures or environmental context to determine what the text means. He may not be correct, but the association may be clear. For example, the child may point to the name above a store and say, “That says, ‘Shoe Store,’ because the store sells shoes.”

Routines-based Intervention (Embedded Instruction)

Early childhood educators and parents should read all types of print with children. Print is evident on many different surfaces. Bring the children’s attention to the print and tell them what it says. Adults can also ask children to think about what the text might say. This prompts children to think about context and potential meaning. This is a foundation for later reading of unfamiliar words.

 North Carolina Department of Public Instruction, 2015

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