North Carolina Early Learning and Development Progressions: Birth to Five

Domain: NC Foundations for Early Learning: Language Development and Communication (LDC)

Subdomain: Foundations for Reading

Goal: Children develop book knowledge and print awareness.

Skill Progression: Develop book knowledge and print awareness

Age: 48-54 Months

You may choose a different domain, go back, or click on a skill below for more information.

Asks about print conventions like spelling, spacing, and where to write

Situations for Observation of Skill

Ask the child to label a picture or drawing. The child may know some sounds and letters, particularly if the letters are in her name.

Elicitation Strategy

Tell the child to write “in your own writing” under the picture or drawing to label the picture.

Behavior Observed

The child asks, “How do I write...?” or “Is this word right?” The child feels confident she is writing words.

Routines-based Intervention (Embedded Instruction)

Early childhood educators and parents can encourage children to write by asking them to label pictures. Begin to sound out words and see if children can write the letters that make the sounds. Tell children the letter if they do not know the sound-letter association. Encourage left to right writing, spacing of letters and/or words, and use of punctuation, if needed. Children may not understand returning to the left side of the paper when they are at the end of a line. Explain the writing sequence from left to right on each line.

 North Carolina Department of Public Instruction, 2015

©2015 by the North Carolina Department of Public Instruction. This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License. To view a copy of this license, visit