North Carolina Early Learning and Development Progressions: Birth to Five

Domain: NC Foundations for Early Learning: Language Development and Communication (LDC)

Subdomain: Foundations for Reading

Goal: Children develop phonological awareness.

Skill Progression: Develop phonological awareness

Age: 30-33 Months

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Claps to syllables in two-to-three syllable names

Situations for Observation of Skill

Clap the syllables of the names of family members and friends as the names are said.

Elicitation Strategy

After playing the sound game, say, “Let’s play another sound game! I’m going to clap the syllables, or parts in your name. “(clap three times with a clap for each syllable in Ma-ri-a). “Now you pick a name and clap the syllables or parts.”

Behavior Observed

The child claps syllables in names if they are short (2-3 syllables).

Routines-based Intervention (Embedded Instruction)

Encourage early childhood educators and parents to play games that require the child to listen to different sounds. For instance, listen to the sounds outdoors or in the house and identify what is heard. Help parents understand that listening games will sharpen the child’s ability to identify sounds of letters for reading. Clapping games are also listening games that help the child listen for syllables in words. Adults can start with names, as these are typically easy, and add other words the child wants to clap to. Librarians can help parents find books that are alliterative and/or involve rhyming. Explain how these types of books help the child learn to differentiate sound patterns in words, an important literacy skill.

 North Carolina Department of Public Instruction, 2015

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