North Carolina Early Learning and Development Progressions: Birth to Five

Domain: NC Foundations for Early Learning: Language Development and Communication (LDC)

Subdomain: Foundations for Reading

Goal: Children develop phonological awareness.

Skill Progression: Develop phonological awareness

Age: 42-48 Months

You may choose a different domain, go back, or click on a skill below for more information.

Attends to beginning sounds in familiar words

Situations for Observation of Skill

Do the same with an ‘I Spy a First Sound’ game with first letters. The adult names a word and the child finds an object that starts with the same sound.

Elicitation Strategy

The adult changes the game to ‘I Spy a First Sound.’ The adult says, “I spy something that starts with the first sound of basket.” The child then finds the ball.

Behavior Observed

The child hears the first sounds and matches them to other words with the same first sounds.

Routines-based Intervention (Embedded Instruction)

Talk about the sounds in words and how the sounds are alike. For example, “Mommy and Maria start with the same sound, ‘mmm’ and the same letter, M. Point these out as you read books together or when the child makes an alliterative statement. For example, if the child says, “I’m going sledding in the snow on Saturday,” the adult can say, “Listen to all the words that start with S that you said!”

 North Carolina Department of Public Instruction, 2015

©2015 by the North Carolina Department of Public Instruction. This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License. To view a copy of this license, visit