North Carolina Early Learning and Development Progressions: Birth to Five

Domain: NC Foundations for Early Learning: Cognitive Development (CD)

Subdomain: Construction of Knowledge: Thinking and Reasoning

Goal: Children recall information and use it for new situations and problems

Skill Progression: Recalls and uses information for problem solving

Age: 24-27 Months

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Recognizes familiar signs, books

Situations for Observation of Skill

Have some of the child’s familiar books available along with familiar food containers, etc. from the kitchen.

Elicitation Strategy

Take a baby doll into the kitchen with the parent. Ask the parent to take out some of the child’s favorite foods. As you play with the baby doll, tell the child the baby wants Cheerios (or whatever cereal the parent has out), peaches, etc. Ask the child to get a specific book to read to the baby.

Behavior Observed

Recognition of food labels and book covers indicates memory for symbolic representations. Naming or retrieving named items indicates the child can remember without a prompt.

Routines-based Intervention (Embedded Instruction)

Help early childhood educators and parents understand that there are different types of memory: memory for actions, memory for events, and memory for images or symbols that represent something (symbolic memory). Symbolic memory is important for later learning of symbols like letters and numbers. Encourage parents to read with their child, involving the child in “reading” the pictures and sharing how it relates to their own experiences.

 North Carolina Department of Public Instruction, 2015

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