North Carolina Early Learning and Development Progressions: Birth to Five

Domain: NC Foundations for Early Learning: Cognitive Development (CD)

Subdomain: Construction of Knowledge: Thinking and Reasoning

Goal: Children demonstrate the ability to think about their own thinking: reasoning, taking perspectives, and making decisions

Skill Progression: Thinking and reasoning

Age: 30-33 Months

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Talks to self about how to solve a problem

Situations for Observation of Skill

Watch as the child builds with blocks, puts together a challenging puzzle, or works on any challenging task.

Elicitation Strategy

No elicitation needed.

Behavior Observed

The child may talk to herself as she works on the task. This self-talk helps her think about the problem in a more outward way. The child may say, “No. Not that way,” or “I put it here.” “I got it!”

Routines-based Intervention (Embedded Instruction)

Self-talk is an important step in problem solving. It is a way the child self-monitors and controls her actions. Early childhood educators and parents can encourage self- talk by asking the child to “Tell me what you are thinking.” They can also model self- talk as they work through a problem they are trying to solve.

 North Carolina Department of Public Instruction, 2015

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