North Carolina Early Learning and Development Progressions: Birth to Five

Domain: NC Foundations for Early Learning: Cognitive Development (CD)

Subdomain: Creative Expression

Goal: Children demonstrate self-expression and creativity in a variety of forms and contexts, including play, visual arts, music, drama, and dance.

Skill Progression: Music/dance

Age: 2-4 Months

You may choose a different domain, go back, or click on a skill below for more information.

Produces vocalizations and shakes sound toys

Situations for Observation of Skill

Observe the child with a rattle.

Elicitation Strategy

The infant may vocalize independently, but may be more vocal with an adult model. The adult should provide wait time after vocalizing.

Behavior Observed

The infant may coo and shake his arms.

Routines-based Intervention (Embedded Instruction)

Encourage parents to play rhythmic music and move the infant’s hand with the beat. Then release the child’s hand and see if the child repeats the action. Music may encourage children to move.

 North Carolina Department of Public Instruction, 2015

©2015 by the North Carolina Department of Public Instruction. This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License. To view a copy of this license, visit