North Carolina Early Learning and Development Progressions: Birth to Five

Domain: NC Foundations for Early Learning: Cognitive Development (CD)

Subdomain: Mathematical Thinking and Expression

Goal: Children compare, sort, group, organize and measure objects and create patterns in their everyday environment.

Skill Progression: Measuring

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List of Skills by Age

1-2 Months

No observable skills

2-4 Months

No observable skills

4-6 Months

Distance: Aware of distance and reaches for something that moves in front of a barrier, but not behind it

6-8 Months

No observable skills

8-10 Months

Time: Shows awareness of consistent daily routines

10-12 Months

Amount: Puts as many small objects in a cup as possible, showing interest in adding “more”

12-15 Months

Dumps and fills

Time: Aware that certain events follow each other (nap, drink)

15-18 Months

Size: Compares sizes

Time: Associates objects with events that occur (coat on is followed by going out)

18-21 Months

Size: Nests objects (relates sizes)

21-24 Months

Explores measuring tools for emptying and filling

Amount: Knows more; believes that a cracker broken in several pieces is more

24-27 Months

Size: Recognizes size differences (big, little)

Time: Understands now, today, in a minute; understands and talks about sequence of events in the day

27-30 Months

Size: Knows size words (big, little), but may not be able to tell which of two things is bigger

Amount: Knows just one

Height: Recognizes taller on the height chart

Weight: Knows heavy

Time: Uses words implying past, present and future; uses morning, afternoon, night, tomorrow

30-33 Months

Size: Points to smaller/ larger of two objects

Length: Points to short/long

33-36 Months

Length/Height: Produces labels for measuring, such as tall/long

Time: Knows today, tonight, last night

36-42 Months

Length/Height: Uses the terms longer/taller functionally in play or daily routines

Amount: Knows larger container holds more

Time: Knows yesterday, tomorrow

Time: Knows parts of the day when specific activities take place

42-48 Months

Length: Compares length or height of three objects by placing them side-by-side

Time: Knows today/ tomorrow, day/night

Time: Knows the time of day for daily activities

48-54 Months

Size: Compares size (area) by placing one on another

Weight: Compares weight (light, heavy)

Time: Knows morning, afternoon

54-60 Months

Length: Compares lengths using another object

Length: Compares the length of two objects using an object with standard units

Size: Orders six objects from smallest to largest

Time: Knows day before yesterday, day after tomorrow; learns days of the week and seasons

 North Carolina Department of Public Instruction, 2015

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